Prof. Raj Shree Dhar

“Like the crest of a peacock, like a gemstone on the head of a serpent, mathematics rules all knowledge.” -Vedanga Jyotisha

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his 2021 Independence Day speech said the National Education Policy (NEP-2020) is a way to fight poverty and move forward in life because the language available for the child in childhood should also become the language of learning. These reforms seek to foster ideas for studying in the local language or mother tongue and to create teachers who can teach math and science in their mother tongue or in regional languages, due to the fact that young children learn and grasp non-trivial concepts more quickly in their mother tongue / mother tongue.

Blended learning means that a student must learn math as well as the language in which it is taught. So, at least at the beginning, it is best that the students learn in the language they can understand. This way, they can focus only on the topic. The main role of language is to enable both teacher and learners to share mathematical knowledge with precision, as language is a powerful instrument in the formation of concepts, the acquisition of particular perceptual abilities and the transfer or communication of such concepts. If students can consolidate their understanding of math and science in their own language, they are ready to pursue it further in the language of their choice. But here’s a question to think about: Are there enough high-quality educational institutions teaching in local languages where students can pursue a career?

**NATIONAL MATHEMATICS DAY**

Language is an essential part of teaching and learning and it is the means by which information is conveyed and by which an instructor is able to determine whether or not students grasp the concepts and skills being taught. . Communication is one of the key factors in developing understanding in the 21st century math classroom. Teaching techniques would therefore benefit from a broadening of the range of mathematical discourses to include conceptual knowledge and procedural understanding. Poor math performance is a big problem because many school and college students struggle to grasp the important math concepts they are being taught.

Math skills, we often think of the ability to count, perform basic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division), understand fractions and ratios, and use algebraic and geometric thinking. Among those who research learning and using math in everyday tasks, these skills are called domain-specific skills, which means they are math-specific skills. Mathematical skills specific to the field are very important for success in mathematics. Classrooms around the world teach these skills directly during math lessons. Students should learn and practice math facts and engage in problem-solving activities. Data Science Mathematics Skills introduces the basic mathematics on which data science is based, Computational skills refer to the ability to use, interpret, and communicate mathematical information to solve computer problems. real world. These include the ability to understand basic math like addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication. Children don’t start learning math when they learn numbers for the first time. Rather, learning math begins with concepts of quantity, size, and comparisons, and words that represent numbers. The beginning of learning mathematics is based on creating a connection between language and physical objects. As children grow older, language supports their ability to learn to identify and understand the symbolic nature of numbers. For example, a teacher would indicate the number 1, use their name, and show an object or picture. Children then learn to identify the number 1 as the symbol that represents an object.

Diversity is the foundation of our vibrant democracy, and the linguistic context refers in particular to the different languages that learners and teachers use. One of the challenges of contemporary globalized societies is that linguistic diversity itself is increasingly diverse, which is important in mathematics classrooms. The teaching and learning of mathematics is fundamentally dependent on language to easily understand concepts. Math classrooms can feature student-to-student discussions, teacher lectures, printed teaching materials or textbooks, and writing on a blackboard or screen. The use of the regional / local / home language for teaching mathematics to students, especially students up to intermediate level, can be of benefit to students and the public.

Srinivasa Ramanujan, an Indian mathematician who made pioneering contributions to number theory, was born on December 22, 1887. Today we celebrate Srinivasa Ramanujan’s birthday as National Mathematics Day. In the words of Professor Manjul Bhargava, winner of the Fields Medal, Ramanujan is a true national hero, a saint known to all. He saw things in math that no one could have even dreamed of seeing before. Her story is incredibly inspiring, and her place in math is huge and only grows larger with each passing year as her work is better understood. Speaking of math education in India, he said that it is a robot, we have to make it creative and beautiful and it depends on how to teach it. It is definitely a golden age for mathematics in India and many more young people, especially women in India, will enter the field of mathematics.

Students are expected to learn about the great Indian mathematicians like Panini, Aryabhatta, Bhaskara, Brahmgupta, Ramanujan and their literature written in Indian languages, as well as the important breakthroughs in the history of mathematics. It is always good to encourage children to start thinking about numbers and how to use them in their own language (s) which comes naturally and comfortably to them.

Research in mathematics education has focused on the role of language in mathematics, as language is the medium by which mathematical concepts are communicated between teacher and learner, whether orally or in the classroom. ‘writing. Language therefore plays a central role in the teaching process. Because concepts allow children to build knowledge and communicate with others, concepts are indeed important objects of thought. This notion of the relationship between language and the learning of concepts that has been emphasized in the psychology of learning mathematics underlines the importance of discussion in learning mathematics.

Many teachers have not received systematic training in the use of the language in teaching mathematics. Therefore, since mathematics teachers have an obligation to improve mathematics education, they will need to change their perception of the use of language in mathematics education. It takes a lot of training. The results of this study also have implications for textbook authors and editors. If the procedures for determining the various uses of language in mathematics education are refined, they could be used to measure language use in mathematics books. The results of this study have implications for mathematics education.

The New National Education Policy (NEP), 2020, contains important provisions and provides a platform to build, nurture, foster and encourage mathematical thinking. He introduced the reforms necessary to balance the need for employment and entrepreneurship in the 21st century, which is marked by critical, lateral and mathematical thinking. The NEP appreciated the need for mathematical thinking and its importance for our country to become a Vishwa Guru. Big data analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning, blockchains are key technologies today, and math is the driving force behind these technologies. Therefore, it is essential to develop the computational thinking skills of our young people. NEP-2020 provides the necessary nourishment by making mathematics enjoyable and engaging using innovative methods right from the foundational stage itself. He is also mandated in the NEP to introduce a coding program from college onwards, as it will further promote the development of computational skills and intuitive reasoning in our young human resource.

(Principal author, Govt. Degree college, Jindrah, J&K.)