“She was all about improving education, and she identified people who were able to do that,” said Ramon C. Cortines, who worked with her when he was superintendent of schools at Pasadena, California, before becoming Chancellor of Schools in New York. and superintendent in Los Angeles. “She never let you go.”

Peter Schrag wrote in The Sacramento Bee that as “Paul Revere of the Reading Wars”, Ms. Joseph was “the most powerful individual force in the state, and perhaps the nation, for the reform of the education”.

And in presenting her with its gallantry award in 2005, the Thomas B. Fordham Institute, a conservative public policy research group, said of Ms Joseph: dime – is still a great example of what a citizen activist and isolated individual can accomplish in the reform of American schools.

Marion Rabinowitz was born on October 14, 1926 in Brooklyn to Irving and Rose (Jaffe) Rabinowitz. Her mother was an immigrant from Lithuania, her father from Russia. During Prohibition, the couple sold meat and cheese to speakeasies.

When Marion was 6, the family moved to California, where her parents opened a liquor store in Long Beach. After World War II, they adopted two young refugees, Lilly and Ella, who had been interned at Auschwitz concentration camp in occupied Poland.

Marion received a bachelor’s degree in political science in 1947 from the University of California, Los Angeles, where she met and married David Joseph. Environmental scientist, he died in 1991.

In addition to her granddaughter Rachel, she is survived by her son, Daniel; his daughter, Nancy Kinsel; his sister, Ella Brandt; and two other grandchildren, including Isaac Joseph. Another daughter, Linda Joseph, died in 2019.