New Delhi: ‘Hindi Hai Hum, Watan Hai Hindustan Humara…’, for most of us, an eternal childhood memory is to stand in a queue and sing the verse (Sare Jahan se achha, Hindustan hamara) written by Muhammad Iqbal. At that time, we never thought about the real idea behind Hindustan. In the post-Westphalian or rather European conception of the nation-state, language was the driving factor in the formation of a totally separate country. This posed a major challenge to the constituent assembly because, unlike in Europe, it was impossible to theorize India’s linguistic diversity which eventually accumulated under a single national identity. Some Western scholars have gone so far as to say that India as a nation would not exist at all. To make something like a “national language” for such a diverse society would have created chaos and public disillusion among the country’s non-Hindi speakers.Also Read – Ajay Devgn vs Kiccha Sudeep Twitter War: RGV Steps in to Say ‘Stars in the North are Jealous of Stars in the South’
New debate over whether Hindi is a national language
A fresh debate over Hindi being a national language flared up yesterday after Bollywood superstar Ajay Devgn and South Indian actor Kichcha Sudeep joked on Twitter about the latter’s comment about the fact that Hindi was no longer the national language of India. The trigger for the argument was Sudeep’s statement three days ago at a function in Bengaluru where the Kannada film industry who’s who celebrated the nationwide success of KGF-2 with Yash. When the event organizer said KGF-2 had a pan-Indian effect, Sudeep said Hindi was no longer a national language.
Sudeep later clarified that the context in which he made the statement was different from how it was perceived and that it was not intended to provoke, hurt or start a debate. “You (comrade) said Kannada film (KGF-2) had a pan-Indian effect. Let there be a correction – Hindi is no longer a national language. Hindi (film industry) should say they are making pan-Indian movies today. They are struggling and dubbing their movies in Tamil and Telugu but it is not happening (business),” Sudeep had said.
Ajay Devgn vs Kiccha Sudeep
The actor claimed that a pan-Indian film was not the concept because people just make films which have reached everywhere through dubbing. He explained that in the 1970s China started dubbing Chinese films into English and it was accepted while in India the process started quite late. “Language is just a barrier. Today it is broken. It’s not pan-Indian anymore. (The term) ‘Pan India’ is coming to Mumbai,” the multilingual actor added.
This statement was not well received by Ajay Devgn. Speaking to the microblogging site, Devgn in Hindi tweeted, “Kiccha Sudeep bro, according to you if Hindi is not our national language then why do you post your films, made in your mother tongue, in dubbing them into Hindi? Hindi was, is and always will be our mother tongue and our national language. Jan Gan Man.
.@KicchaSudeep मेरे भाई,
आपके अनुसार अगर हिंदी हमारी राष्ट्रीय भाषा नहीं है तो आप मातृभाषा की फ़िल्मों को में में डब क्यूँ रिलीज़ हैं हैं?
हिंदी हमारी मातृभाषा और राष्ट्रीय थी थी, है और रहेगी।।
जन गण मन ।
— Ajay Devgn (@ajaydevgn) April 27, 2022
Their argument didn’t end there as Sudeep reminded Devgn that he understood the text sent to Twitter in Hindi. “Hello @ajaydevgn sir…the context in which I said that line is entirely different from how I assume it came to you. I’ll probably emphasize why the statement was made when I I will see you in person. This was not to hurt, provoke or start a debate. Why would I do that sir? No offense sir, I was wondering what the situation would be if my reply was typed in Kannada.!! Don’t we also belong to India sir I love and respect all the languages of our country sir I would like this topic to rest as I said the line in a totally different context Mch luv and wshs to you always. Hope to see you soon (sic) Sudeep asked.
I love and respect all the languages of our country sir. I would like this subject to rest,,,, as I said the line in a totally different context.
Mch luv and wshs to you always.
Hoping to see you soon.
— Kichcha Sudeep (@KicchaSudeep) April 27, 2022
What does the Indian Constitution say about Hindi?
The Constitution never declared Hindi as the national language, but in 1950 it granted Hindi in the Devanagari script the official language of union with English under Article 343. For non -insiders, Part XVII of the Constitution deals with the Official Language. “The official language of the Union is Hindi in the Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals,” the Constitution says.
The Constituent Assembly, while discussing the linguistic formula, took note of the recommendation of the Fundamental Rights Sub-Committee, which recommended the formula that “Hindustani, written either in Devanagari or in Persian script in the choice of the citizen, must, like the national language, be the first official language of the Union. English is the second official language for such period as the Union may by law determine. »
Hindi, Our National Language — Myth Vs Reality
In 2010, the High Court of Gujarat observed that although the majority of the people of India accepted Hindi as their national language, there was nothing in the record to suggest that any provision was made or an order issued declaring the Hindi as the national language of the country. The observation was made by a divisional bench of Chief Justice SJ Mukhopadhaya and Justice AS Dave recently while dismissing a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) which had sought a directive for the mandatory printing of details – price, ingredients and date of manufacture – goods in Hindi on the grounds that it was the national language.
“Normally in India the majority of the people have accepted Hindi as their national language and many people speak Hindi and write in Devanagari script, but there is no indication that any provision has been made or an ordinance was issued declaring Hindi as the national language of the country. No mandamus can be issued to any manufacturer or others for giving details or package details in Hindi in Devanagari script,” the official said. court in 2010.
Mahatma Gandhi’s view of Hindi as a national language
In 2019, Home Minister Amit Shah invoked Mahatma Gandhi while backing the government’s idea that Hindi should be India’s language of identification. “I want to call on people to promote their native languages but also to use Hindi to fulfill Bapu (Mahatma Gandhi) and Sardar (Vallabhbhai) Patel’s dream of one language,” he tweeted two years ago. years.
However, scholars believed that Gandhi kept changing his position. After 1942, Gandhi seemed to emphasize adopting Hindustani, a fusion of Hindi and Urdu, not Hindi, as the unifying language of the masses.